Key Ingredients

Key Ingredients

Glycerin (aka glycerine or glycerol)

- skin-repairing ingredient
- prevents dryness and scaling
- helps skin heal
- reduces dermatitis
- restores normal barrier function

References:
  1. Kraft J, Lynde C. Moisturizers: what they are and a practical approach to product selection. Skin Therapy Lett. 2005;10(5):1-8.
  2. Lorencini M, Brohem C, Dieamant G, Zanchin N, Maibach H. Active ingredients against human epidermal aging. Ageing Res Rev. 2014;15:100-15.
  3. Short R, Chan J, Choi J, Egbert B, Rehmus W, Kimball A. Effects of moisturization on epidermal homeostasis and differentiation. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2007;32(1):88-90.
  4. Roure R, Lanctin M, Nollent V, Bertin C. Methods to Assess the Protective Efficacy of Emollients against Climatic and Chemical Aggressors. Dermatol Res Pract.2012;2012:864734.
  5. Fowler Jr J. Efficacy of a skin-protective foam in the treatment of chronic hand dermatitis. Am J Contact Dermat. 2000;11(3):165-9.
Ascorbic Acid (aka Vitamin C)

- reduces appearance of sun damage
- boosts collagen production
- reduces inflammation and irritation
- promotes natural healing
- increase effectiveness of sunscreens

References:

  1. Stamford N. Stability; transdermal penetration; and cutaneous effects of ascorbic acid and its derivatives.. J Cosmet Dermatol.. 2012;11(4):310-7.
  2. Telang P. Vitamin C in dermatology.. Indian Dermatol Online J. 2013;4(2):143-146.
  3. Gallarate M, Carlotti M, Trotta M, Bovo S. On the stability of ascorbic acid in emulsified systems for topical and cosmetic use.. Int J Pharm. 1999;188(2):233-41.
Ferulic Acid

- plant-based antioxidant
- sun-protective benefits

References:
  1. Zhang L, Al-Suwayeh S, Hsieh P, Fang J. A comparison of skin delivery of ferulic acid and its derivatives: evaluation of their efficacy and safety. Int J Pharm. 2010;399(1-2):44-51.
  2. Monti D, Tampucci S, Chetoni P, Burgalassi S, Saino V, Centini M, Anselmi C. Permeation and Distribution of Ferulic Acid and Its a-Cyclodextrin Complex from Different Formulations in Hairless Rat Skin. AAPS PharmSciTech. 2011;12(2):514-520.
  3. Ichihashi M, Funasaka Y, Ohashi A, Chacraborty A, Ahmed N, Ueda M, Osawa T. The inhibitory effect of DL-alpha-tocopheryl ferulate in lecithin on melanogenesis. Anticancer Res. 1999;19(5A):3796-74.
Hyaluronic Acid

- retains moisture better than most other substances
- strengthen skin's barrier
- can be used for any type of skin
- reduces inflammation
- is an antioxidant 
- improves appearance of fine lines

References:
  1. Schlesinger T, Rowland P. Efficacy and safety of a low-molecular weight hyaluronic Acid topical gel in the treatment of facial seborrheic dermatitis. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2012;5(10):20-3.
  2. Pavicic T, Gauglitz G, Lersch P, Schwach-Abdellaoui K, Malle B, Korting H, Farwick M. Efficacy of cream-based novel formulations of hyaluronic acid of different molecular weights in anti-wrinkle treatment. J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(9):990-1000.